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No 2
Vol. 2 No. 2
2017
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In the thought of the Supreme Leader Jihad has a very high importance. According to his idea, not only no gains would be obtained by humans and societies in this world and hereafter but also Jihad is the cause of civilization and its continuity. He considers Jihadi approach as one of the features of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI. Since the realization of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI is currently among the most indispensable objects of the Islamic Republic therefore it is necessary to investigate economic Jihad in the leader’s mind and give a clear image of it. In this exploratory study a perfect system of economic Jihad is formed including definition, importance, necessity, requirements, components, extensions and the results. The results show that EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI would not be realized without Jihadi approach.
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Keywords : Economic Jihad ، EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI ، the Supreme Leader ، Jihadi management
The idea of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI, as a pattern derived from Islamic culture, is based on two axes of determining economic vulnerable points and representing securer strategies in Islamic approach. In this article we attend to the question that what kind of approach the EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI does take in the analysis of economic vulnerabilities. The hypothesis in which has been evaluated by analytical method is that the comprehensive analysis of economic vulnerabilities in the EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI’s approach requires utilization of institutional-Islamic analysis. In the institutional-Islamic analysis, economic pathology is conducted in four levels namely culture, laws, structures and economic behaviors using the Islamic approach. The findings of the research show that in the EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI’s idea the main cause of economic damages is the promotion of selfishness-rooted culture and economic lifestyle. This damage is the root of damages of law, structure and economic behavior. This analysis distances from pure institutional thought since it considers an Islamic approach in the analysis of quadruple pathologies.
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Keywords : EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI ، economic pathology ، Iran’s economy ، Islamic economics
Economic stability is one of the important key issues and is one of the fundamental conditions of countries’ advancement, because without realization of this condition, there is no bright future for investment and production, and any planning for a profitable economic activity faces problems. Given economic stability there are situations in which the people of society are not concerned about meeting their basic needs, and producers about the profitability of their economic activities with respect to economic fluctuations. On the other hand, since the EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI is an endogenous and extrovert economy in which follows the path of economic growth and social advancement by utilizing forces, resources and internal talents and public capabilities, so it is able to provide the economic stability of the country in its highest level. But if the economy was exogenous instead of being extrovert, global economic fluctuations on one side and enemy’s plans and plots on the other side will spoiled the stability of economy at macro level, and country’s economy will suffer from slowdown or crisis in the face of foreign impulses. In this article we try to investigate the relationship between a stable economy at macro level and the most important strategies and requirements of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI by considering their features, and improve that in the current situation of the country, the only way to obtain economic stability is EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI’s realization.
Keywords : EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI ، economic stability
The new technical circumstances determine the need for a fundamental revision in the usage techniques of oil and gas in Iran. From the point of view of economics and Islamic economics and with regard to the future of the market and the strong possibility of deflation, there should be a change in the oil and gas sales policies and a move toward more added values, and inhibit the natural sources’ values from entering government budgets in order to prevent from resource waste besides lessening the dependency of government budget on them. The 13th, 14th, 15th, 17th and 18th clauses of the declared policies of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI make requirements which seems they are set well with regard to the future of the oil market and there should be a move toward that future. Serious attention to supply unconventional resources and its impact on the energy market forms more precise decisions.
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Keywords : Unconventional oil and gas ، EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI, ، Islamic economics ، energy economics
The purpose of this research is to conceptualize and clarify on the role of strategic entrepreneurship and elements of the collegiate system in the realization of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati. In this study, using the qualitative research approach and applying descriptive analytical method, firstly the basic concepts of entrepreneurship, strategic management and strategic entrepreneurship and their aspects are explained, and then the concept of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati and the role of quintuplet elements of higher education system in achieving Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati in the field of strategic entrepreneurship are fully presented. The population of the research includes all documents, records and resources related to the subject of our study. Since in the current research, there has been note-taking of the existing references, and the references are used according to the research objectives, no sampling is conducted and the aforesaid available references have been analyzed. The major results showed that beside producing new products, in order to improve effectiveness and to be leading in the realization of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, universities and higher education centers have to be able to make use of innovation in their different elements, parts and pillars i.e. management, faculty and staff members, students, syllabus elements, and their evaluation system toward strategic entrepreneurship.
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Keywords : Entrepreneurship ، Strategic Management, ، Strategic Entrepreneurship ، Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, ، Higher Education

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