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No 25382748
Vol. 25382748 No. 2
2017
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From the view of many theorists of distributional justice like Hobbes, Locke, Nozick, Hayek, John Rawls and Amartya Sen, the gap between people’s wealth is rooted in a natural situation. The government interference to limit the sanctuary of ownership of the rich in order to alleviate poverty or to expand public welfare is in obvious contradiction to justice and individual property right. Concentration on the redistribution of income and wealth between low-income groups or the penniless results in slowness and inefficiency of the market system and distribution system. For this reason, any kind of action in order to redistribute income and wealth based on the nearly arbitrary concept of “social justice” contradicts freedom and private ownership. Utilizing analytical method, this research is in the position of comparing distributional justice and the Quranic principles and concludes that most of the theories of social justice are based upon natural law, the market, freedom and property rights. In opposition and in the viewpoint of the Holy Quran, the Almighty God is the true owner of the whole existence and has the decree right exclusively. Additionally, the human being is His successor and trustee. Therefore, the human being is obliged to use the sources in economic activities optimally, and is responsible to God, his fellows and, the nature, and will lay the grounds for his prosperity through accomplishing his responsibility correctly.
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Keywords : Pattern of distribution ، , principles of wealth distribution ، true ownership, ، succession, ، genetic distribution ، ،
Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati is an economy that ensures the economic growth and prosperity under conditions of pressure, sanction and severe hostility. The purpose of this study is to provide a framework for explaining the components of the Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati. The current study is considered as a qualitative research and its methodology is meta-synthesis. Library research method is used to gather the required data. The statistical population of the study includes all related-papers to the topic. After designing the research questions in order to conduct the study, a systematic search was conducted based on relevant keywords (Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, economic Jihad, production, distribution, and consumption) from validated internal and external databases between 1389 and 1396. Reviewing 49 articles of the 628 basic articles, 3 dimensions and 29 concepts and 158 codes were identified as of components of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati. Then, using the two-step Delphi method, the components of the model were validated. Finally, by identifying the components of the Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, this study can provide suitable solutions for operationalizing Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati.
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Keywords : Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, ، Economic Jihad, ، Production, ، Distribution, ، Consumption
The general policies of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI has been declared by the Supreme Leader aiming provision of a sound growth, improving the economic resistivity indices, and obtaining goals of the Iran’s 1404 Outlook Document, with Jihadi, flexible, opportunity-maker, productive, endogenous, leading and extrovert approach, and this wise guidance promises that the move from oil economy to EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI is a new approach in which is able to lay the foundations for a comprehensive development of the country. Carrying out this mission needs laying the grounds for and making situations in which if they failed to be realized, one cannot hope of forming the discourse accurately in the society. One of the most strategic means in this path is to utilize laboratory economics which can yield countable and close-to-real-economic-stream data, and therefore it can prepare the needed grounds for implementation, development and better solving of problems and removing economic obstacles related to EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI ’s discourse in various sectors’ of Iran’s economy. In this way, the current research utilizes descriptive and content analysis method to clarify the implementation of the general policies of EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI from the point of view of laboratory economics, and studies how to make use of laboratory tests in the implementation of the foresaid policies in the form of giving naturalized solutions, and examines the analytical power of laboratory economics with respect to EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI policies by focusing on the 7th clause of the declared policies. According to the results, it seems that laboratory economics has the capabilities to decide the right or at least the low-risk decisions in economic activities.
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Keywords : EGHTESAD-E MOGHAVEMATI, ، laboratory economics ، , laboratory test, ، naturalization ، , strategic means
To create a growing trend in an economy and to strengthen it against external factors, the policies of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati has to be applied with respect to all economic fields, specifically investment area. Investment should be made in companies that are in line with the policies of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati. In this case one can assure there will be companies on the path of investment and development of which have the most compatibility with the policies of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, and therefore will attach more economic growth to our economy. For this purpose, we use a precise scientific method based on the comprehensive method of indexing proposed by OECD to develop a composite index which enables us to assess precisely the extent of participation for a supposed company in accomplishing the policies of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati. The way how to construct a composite index has also been explained thoroughly throughout the paper. Finally, three supposed companies have been assessed in terms of Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati index (RCI) and the efficiency of that index is being discussed.
Hamed Hamedinia - Mohammadreza Eghbali Moghadam
Keywords : Endogenous economy, ، Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, ، composite index
Consumption management is one the requirements of accomplishing Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, and because of mass consumption of foodstuffs, one of the instances of consumption management is the management of student restaurants. Diet analysis of four universities plus the amount of ingredients in each food meal shows that in some food groups like meats, the daily received share exceeds the required share for body and sometimes is more than double while the other food groups are not supplied adequately. This, in addition to extra food costs, causes malnutrition and exposing to different diseases, and finally more costs of treatment. In the following, the solution to develop an IoT-based application is presented in order to determine the needed amount of each food group, the consumed amount of each group in real-time, the daily remaining amount, food advice and so on.
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Keywords : Eghtesad-e-Moghavemati, ، internet of things ، , student restaurant ، , food groups ، , proper consumption management

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